Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work. The term composition refer to “putting together”. So simply we can say composition is how your image is put together. The saying “less is more” is often true in image composition. The photo is often more beautiful and effective if unnecessary elements are left out of the frame. A common mistake is to try to include all possible things in one photo. It is often wise to include only one clear center of interest into the photo. When you are taking a photo, you should check if there are any distracting elements included in the frame.
Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is an imaginary board drawn across an image to break it into nine equal squares. The four points where these lines intersect are strongest focal points. The lines themselves are the second strongest focal points.
If you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot – using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it.
In the case of single portraits, the subject’s eyes are placed along the top rule of third line. In multiple subject portraits the subject faces are placed on the rule of thirds lines.